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A simple guide to Install Kanotix


Base: Kanotix BH 9A (or the current Kanotix version)

Fundamental
Published under the conditions of the GNU Free Documentation Licence, v1.1. I'm trying to describe/write as much as possible for a beginning user. Apologies for the strong simplifications I've made.
No responsability for possible damage will be taken.
If during the installation you find any problems, you can get very fast assistance on the IRC. On the Desktop there is a Link to Ksirc (Chat program) that is configured for the IRC Channel #Kanotix on irc.freenode.net.


Preparation

Please remove all USB sticks, cameras, etc., before the installation.

In the Bios set the boot sequence so your PC first tries to boot from CD-ROM (with some bios versions you can choose it during the boot, the AMI Bios with F11). Usually, then Kanotix starts without problems. If that should not be the case, there are some boot options (Cheatcodes) which can be handed over to the boot manager.
Help is available, click here.

Now you can examine for the first time whether your hardware is recognized properly.

You can configure the network very comfortably with the Tools in the Kanotix menu (the button at the bottom left hand corner). You can use this live-cd wonderfully for nearly everything: surf the net, films, listen to music, watch television, write documents, solve problems with your harddisks, and so on. A hard disk installation is much more comfortable and faster than a system which runs from a CD-ROM. Thus, let us do it!

QTParted

Note: Execute this from the LiveCD. Take much care. Take notes before you start.

(in a KDE-Konsole, tty terminal or regular console)
sudo swapoff && sudo qtparted
<img>qtpartet.jpg With this tool, you can create new partions and/or format them in your hard disks. The program has a GUI and is self explaining. It can make smaller and/or shift partitions.
Changes in NTFS partitions should only be done with a Windows tool, such as Partition Magic or Acronis.

!!MAKE A BACKUP OF YOUR IMPORTANT DATA BEFORE PLAYING WITH YOUR HARD DISK!!!

No partitions should be mounted. This is the main reason for running QtPartEd? from the LiveCD. You can check this, right clicking on hard disk icons on the desktop. If any are mounted, then unmount them.

In principle, 3GB is sufficient for an installation, but for a Multimedia PC that is not really large enough. [There is never too much speed or too much space.]

If after making changes to a partition, QtPartEd? does not permit further actions, you should reboot your machine. (Users with sufficient experience could continue using cfdisk or fdisk.)
This can be the case if you have a swap partition on that hardisk, as swap partitions are automatically recognised and used from the start unless you have used the cheatcode "noswap" to prevent that.
if this is the case you can free the swap partition with
sudo swapoff -a


For the Linux beginner I recommend to use, at first, only 2 partitions, / and swap, since this simplifies the installation very much.
However, it is better to furnish extra partitions for /home and /var. At the least, for /home.

Swap partition:
Generally, swap size should be at least double the RAM size, up to about 500 MB.
However, if you plan to use the "Suspend to RAM" function, then you must assign at least 1.5 times RAM for Swap, which might be greater than 500 MB.

As standard file system for the Linux partition you can use ReiserFS (or can also use ext3 or jfS).
If you plan to exchange data with an Windows installation you should create a VFAT (Fat32) partition for that.

if you have created more than one partition, note their names, sizes, hd??, etc. You will need that information sooner rather than later.

Trial Config
|| border title
| disk | size | format | mountpoint
| hda1 | 20GB | ntfs | WindowsXP
| hda5? | 30GB | fat32? | Data for Win and Linux
| hda6? | 8GB | ReiserFS | /
| hda7 | 500MB | Swap | Swap
||
start point a pc where XP is already installed

MythTV-PC no Windows

|| border title
| disk | size | format | mountpoint
| hda1 | 8GB | ReiserFS | /
| hda5? | 6GB | ReiserFS | /home
| hda5? | 2GB | ReiserFS | /var
| hda6? | 180GB | ReiserFS | /video
| hda7 | 500M | Swap | Swap
||
MythTV is a hobby, therefore the special mention :)

Standard PC with Windows

|| border title
| disk | size | format | mountpoint
| hda1 | 20GB | ntfs | WindowsXP
| hda5? | 8GB | ReiserFS | /
| hda6? | 20GB | ReiserFS | /home
| hda7 | 70GB | Fat32 | Data for Win and Linux
| hda8? | 500MB | Swap | Swap
||
Thus the best from both worlds can be used

Linux Game and MedienPC

|| border title
| disk | size | format | mountpoint
| hda1 | 18GB | ReiserFS | /
| hda5? | 20GB | ReiserFS | /home
| hda6? | 30GB | ReiserFS | /opt
| hda7 | 90GB | ReiserFS | /daten
| hda8? | 2GB | ReiserFS | /var
| hda9? | 500MB | Swap | Swap
||
you could go here with partitions as far as you want....

And last an example for a PC with not too much space free...

Linux and Windows on 20 GB

|| border title
| disk | size | format | mountpoint
| hda1 | 5GB | fat32? | Windows
| hda2? | 10GB | fat32? | Windows Programa and Data for Windows and Linux
| hda5? | 5GB | ReiserFS | /
| hda6? | 500MB | Swap | Swap
||
This is an organization, which is recommended, if one has little fixed disk available (e.g. on the laptop).

There are very many good possibilities to partition the harddisks. The examples should be sufficient for now.

The installation


We start a text console and enter the following command:


sudo kanotix-installer-latest-web

(latest-web will get the last version of the installer. )
if you dont have an internet connection to this point you can use:

sudo kanotix-installer

The Installer starts and we selects configuration.
>img>Kanotix_Installer.jpg

If you have done only two partitions (one for swap) you can accept the default for all questions.

Debian-Modus - is no longer necessary since the version 2005-2, since it is now a standard default. if you want to change the install mode and know what you are doing you can change it in the .knofig file.

Grub in MBR where the boot-loader should be installed
(check if the installer has recognized the correct partitions)
Grub can also start other operating systems. Existing Windows installations are found and automatically taken into the boot menu.

Name your User and enter the needed passwords indicate and start the installation.


Who has several partitions, must not start the installation and terminate for the first time. Answer the question if the configuration should be stored with yes. The configuration file lies now in /home/knoppix/.knofig.

This one must now be changed/worked out for that
Edit the file:

sudo vi ~/.knofig

or

sudo kwrite ~/.knofig

In the editor we insert the additional partitions now in the line HD_MAP = . The syntax is shown directly over it.


>img>vi_knofig.jpg

save the file and exit the editor.

Now start again the installer and start the installation.

The duration depends upon your system and takes between 10min and 1h. If the progress bar seems to stops times in a place do not stop the process just wait patiently....

Reboot
Take CD off the CD-drive
done...

On reboot if needed reset your Bios configuration to boot directly from harddisk and no longer from CD-ROM.

The first start

After the first start from the hardisk Kanotix has forgotten the network settings. Thus set the network again (Wlan, modem, isdn...).
If you have a DSL-Router or DHCP-Server in you network the Kanotix Live-CD has found and used it Now u must configure it using netcardconfig.
You can find the appropriate tools again under the menu option Kanotix network.

And now much fun with the new system!!
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